Isaiah 4:3-4 Who will be called holy?

Isa 4:3 Then whoever is left in Zion and whoever remains in Jerusalem will be called holy, everyone who is recorded among the living in Jerusalem.
Isa 4:4 The Lord will wash away the filth of Zion’s people. He will clean bloodstains from Jerusalem with a spirit of judgment and a spirit of burning.

Related image

depositphotos.comMount Zion – a hill in Jerusalem just outside the walls of the Old City in Israel.

4:3 Then whoever is left in Zion and whoever remains in Jerusalem will be called holy, 

Notes: Holy unto Him : qodosh Heb. = separated unto him from all sin and defilement. Sacred, morally clean. When will this be that those left in Jerusalem will be called Holy?

John Gill comments “These are the persons to whom Christ appears beautiful and glorious, excellent and comely, who will be left, and remain in Zion and Jerusalem; by which is meant the Gospel church, or church as in the latter day; in which these shall continue, abide by the truths and doctrines of the Gospel,”

holy — (Isa_52:1; Isa_60:21; Rev_21:27).
written — in the book of life, antitypically (Phi_4:3; Rev_3:5; Rev_17:8). Primarily, in the register kept of Israel’s families and tribes.
living — not “blotted out” from the registry, as dead; but written there as among the “escaped of Israel” (Dan_12:1; Eze_13:9). To the elect of Israel, rather than the saved in general, the special reference is here (Joe_3:17).

All those who have been recorded (written down) in the registry of LIFE in Jerusalem ESV.

Psa 69:28 Let them be blottedH4229 out of the bookH4480 H5612 of the living,H2416 and notH408 be writtenH3789 withH5973 the righteous.H6662 KJV . (Let their names be erased from the Book of Life. Do not let them be listed with righteous people. GW)

Psa 87:5 But it will be said of Zion, “Every race is born in it. The Most High will make it secure.”
Psa 87:6 The LORD will record this in the Book of Nations: “Every race claims that it was born there.” Selah
Psa 87:7 Singers and dancers will sing, “Zion is the source of all our blessings.”

Exo 32:32 But will you forgive their sin? If not, please wipe me out of the book you have written.”

Isa 4:4 The Lord will wash away the filth of Zion’s people. He will clean bloodstains from Jerusalem with a spirit of judgment and a spirit of burning.

spirit or Spirit (margin) of judgment and a Spirit of fire.

When the Lord – That is, “after” God has done this, then all that are written among the living shall be called holy. The prophet in this verse states the benefits of “affliction” in purifying the people of God. He had said, in the previous verse, that all who should be left in Zion should be called holy. He here states that “previous” to that, the defilement of the people would be removed by judgment.
Shall have washed away – The expression, “to wash,” is often used to denote to “purify” in any way. In allusion to this fact is the beautiful promise in Zec_13:1; see the note at Isa_1:16.
The filth – This word here refers to their “moral” defilement – their pride, vanity, haughtiness; and perhaps to the idolatry and general sins of the people. As the prophet, however, in Isa_3:16-23, had particularly specified the sins of the female part of the Jewish people, the expression here probably refers especially to them, and to the judgments which were to come upon them; Isa_3:24. It is not departing from the spirit of this passage to remark, that the church is purified, and true religion is often promoted, by God’s humbling the pride and vanity of females. A love of excessive ornament; a fondness for dress and display; and an exhibition of great gaiety, often stand grievously in the way of pure religion.
The daughters of Zion – see Isa_3:16.
And shall have purged – This is synonymous with the expression “to wash.” It means to purify, to remove, as one removes blood from the hands by washing.
Blood of Jerusalem – Crime, blood-guiltiness – particularly the crime of “oppression, cruelty,” and “robbery,” which the prophet Isa_1:15 had charged on them.
By the spirit of judgment – This refers, doubtless, to the “calamities,” or “punishment,” that would come upon the nation; principally, to the Babylonian captivity. After God should have humbled and reformed the nation by a series of judgments, then they who were purified by them should be called holy. The word “spirit” here cannot be shown to be the Holy Spirit; and especially as the Holy Spirit is not represented in the Scriptures as the agent in executing judgment. It perhaps would be best denoted by the word “influence,” or “power.” The word properly denotes “wind, air, motion” Gen_8:1; Job_1:19; then “breathing, exhalation, or breath” Job_7:7; Psa_33:6; hence, it means the “soul;” and it means also God’s “influence,” or his putting forth his power and life-giving energy in animating and sustaining the universe; and also, as here, his putting forth any influence in accomplishing his works and designs.
And by the spirit of burning – “Fire” is often, in the Scriptures, the emblem of punishment, and also of purifying; compare the note at Mat_3:11-12; see Mal_3:2-3. The Chaldee translates this, ‘by the word of judgment, and by the word of consuming.’ The reference is to the “punishments” which would be sent to purify the people “before” the coming of the Messiah. Barnes Notes

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